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Ethnicity or ethnic group is a socially defined category based on common culture or nationality.

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Among the first to bring the term "ethnic group" into social studies was the German sociologist Max Weber, who defined it as:

[T]hose human groups that entertain a subjective belief in their 
common descent because of similarities of physical type or of customs 
or both, or because of memories of colonization and migration; this 
belief must be important for group formation; furthermore it does not 
matter whether an objective blood relationship exists.